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Joint pain in children

We generally ignore the pain complaint by children and don't go to see the doctor for it. Pain perception and presentation may be very different in different child. Statistics showed that about 300,000 children under the age of 18 years are affected by joint pains, of which 50,000 children are victims of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, or JRA.The commonest complaint for children is the knee pain.

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What are the causes and types of joint pain?

   

We have already learned about the structure of the joint, now it is about its pain. If there is any turmoil in any of its part like its shape, structure, location, its ligaments (connecting bone to bone), tendons (connecting muscle to bone), muscles, fluid, nerves, vessels, bursa (a small fluid filled sac provides cushion to joint) or particularly the osseous or cartilagenous tissue, we feel the joint pain.

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Overview of the skeletal system

Our body is made up of many organ systems formed by organs, tissues and cells. The skeletal system is the main framework that provides proper structure, protection of different vital organs and helps in the movement of our body. The skeletal system includes bones, cartilage, and ligaments. Bone is a rigid organ with dense connective tissue. Cartilage is like the bone, but are more flexible and stiffer than muscle. Ligaments are bands of dense and fibrous connective tissue that are key to the function of joints.

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Types of joints in human body

We know that the joint is the junction of bones and there are about 206 small and large bones in our body. There are different types of joint as per there structure, function and location. Here, we will discuss the different types of joint present in our body.

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Basic structure of joint

The joint is the area where the two or more bones are connected in our body structure. Most of the joints are synovial joints, where bones are held together with the ligaments and are lubricated by a fluid called as synovial fluid, secreted by the joint lining. Example, the knee joint is a type of synovial joint

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